THE REALITY OF ILM-E-GHAIB (THE KNOWLEDGE OF UNKNOWN AND UNSEEN) (MAKTOOB)
Ilm-e-Ghaib means the knowledge of things that are beyond the scope of senses. Unseen (Ghaib) is of two kinds, the one that could be verified by argument, for example Paradise, Hell and the existence of God.The second kind of Ilm-e-Ghaib does not have any argumentative basis, for example, when will one die? Or when will The Day of Judgement set in? etc. There are three possibilities of Ilm-e-Ghaib and each has its own characteristics.
1- The knowledge of Allah is Absolute and Personal. No one can know a single word without His Will.
2- Allah Almighty granted His Beloved Last Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and other prophets Ilm-e-Gain out of His Personal Ilm.
3- The knowledge of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم is more than all the creatures. It should be remembered that the Angel of Death and Satan are also included in this category.
Aulia Akram are also granted this Ilm through Holy Prophets عليه السلام . Denial of this entails renunciation of faith because this disproves many a Hadiths Sharif. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم has also been given the knowledge of The Day of Judgement. Besides this, his knowledge even exceeds Ilm and incidents inscribed on The Book. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم has also been granted the Ilm of the reality of soul and secrets of The Abbreviated Letters (Al-Muqatta’at) of the Holy Quran. There are many verses in the Holy Quran and Hadiths that substantiate this truth. Allah Almighty says in the Holy Quran:
“(He Alone is) the All-Knower of the Ghaib (unseen), and He reveals to none His Ghaib (unseen), except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen, … (72:26,27)
Now think, who would be more beloved of Allah among mankind than our Beloved Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم whom Allah will be pleased with. At another place Allah Almighty says:
“And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills……” (2:255)
“…nor will Allah disclose to you the secretes of the Ghaib (unseen), but Allah chooses of His Messangers whom He wills…” (3:179)
Allah Almighty says in the Holy Quran: ‘O My (dear) Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم I have made you learn everything that is in the Quran.’ In the same Holy Quran, Allah Almighty says that ‘there is nothing dry or wet thing which is not mentioned in this Book’. Then imagine what else remains that is not given to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. The only difference is that the Knowledge of Allah is Personal and the knowledge of Prophets and Aulia Akram is a bestowal of Allah. At another place it is said, وما هو على الغيب بضنين. ( التكوير 24) And he (Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) withholds not a knowledge of the Unseen.” (81:24)
Now, I would like to quote some of Hadiths. It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Abdual Rehman bin Maesh in Mishkat Sharif that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said that,’I saw my Lord in good face; Allah Almighty placed His Blessed Hand on my chest and I felt its coolness in my Qalb (heart). I came to know every thing that is in the heavens and the earth’. It is reported in Bukhari Sharif that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم happened to pass by two graves in which the dead were being tortured. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, ‘these two men are being tortured, not for any major thing but one did not use to save himself from urine and the second used to backbite others.’
There is a Hadith in Bukhari Sharif that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم stood on pulpit and talked about The Day of Judgement. He said, ‘if anyone wants to ask anything, should ask; by God, until I am on this pulpit, I will answer your every question’. Besides this there are many other Hadiths which show that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم knew about the unseen.